### Demonstrate and apply a knowledge and sense of numbers, including numeration and operations.

- Count with understanding and recognize “how many” in small sets up to 5.
- Connect numbers to quantities they represent using physical models and informal representations.
- Verbally recite numbers from 1 to 10.
- Show understanding of how to count and construct sets of objects of a given number up to 5.
- Informally solve mathematical problems presented in a meaningful context.
- Compare two collections to see if they are equal or determine which is more, using a procedure of the child’s choice.

### Explore measurement of objects and quantities.

- Compare, order and describe objects according to a single attribute.
- Use nonstandard units to measure attributes such as length and capacity.
- Use vocabulary that describes and compares length, height, weight, capacity and size.
- Practice estimating in everyday play and everyday measurement problems.
- With teacher assistance, explore use of measuring tools that use standard units to measure objects and quantities that are meaningful to the child.

### Identify and describe common attributes, patterns and relationships in objects.

- Sort, order, compare and describe objects according to characteristics or attributes.
- Recognize, duplicate, extend and create simple patterns in various formats.
- With adult assistance, represent a single repeating pattern by verbally describing it or by modeling it with objects or actions.

### Explore concepts of geometry and spatial relations.

- Recognize and name common two- and three-dimensional shapes and describe some of their attributes (e.g. number of sides, straight or curved lines).
- Show understanding of location and ordinal position.
- Use appropriate vocabulary for identifying location and ordinal position.